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Introduction

Victimization is a critical aspect in the state of California. The crime rates result to victimization and may have negative influences on a person. Criminal activities can arise, and there should be a law to protect the victims. It is critical to have justice to the victims by not making assumptions about the aspect of victimization.  However, some individuals fight for victim compensation, and this ends up increasing the victimization rates. The media plays a part in increasing victimization issues through the provision of prominence to the families with the victims.

In California, there is the aspect of the conventional crimes that affect the victims and may contribute to adverse effects to them. The social aspects such as the self-worth and the self-esteem are affected by victimization.  Confusion, as well as frustration, may arise from the individual who has been victimized.  However, physical influences are also experienced by the victims (Wu, 2008).  The physical impacts may include suffering from insomnia as well as loss of appetite. Overcoming the fear is a challenge to the victims as they may have no idea about what to result after the occurrence of a crime. In the state, some individuals prevent the occurrence of being involved in an offense by some ways. Creation of the awareness about the surrounding and having safety precautions that may help a person from evading the criminal activities (Zaykowski, 2011).

 

Victimization Theories

Victimization has various types of theories.  The principles provide detailed information about victimization and victims in the study of crime. There are situations where the methods share common assumptions regarding victimization. The theories include lifestyle theory, victim precipitation, equivalent group hypothesis, proximity hypothesis, and the routine activities.

The victim precipitation theory makes the assumption that the victims trigger the criminals to act due to their behavior. In this theory, the victim’s behavior cause the occurrence of the crime. The theory may be divided into either active or passive precipitation. The active victim precipitation when the victim initiates the criminal to perform a crime.

The passive victim precipitation may be due to personal conflict or when the victim unknowingly provokes the criminal. Lifestyle theory is a conventional theory, and it suggests that the victims expose themselves to risk state when they are involved in the risky activities which are influenced by their lifestyles. The lifestyle theory focuses on the social structure whereby the male, young and poor people have more chances of becoming victims (McIntyre & Spatz Widom, 2010).

Lifestyle theories of victimization is a victimization theory that states that the demographic differences are caused by the differences in the lifestyles of the victims. The variation in the lifestyles of individuals is critical because it reduces the risks of being exposed to insecure states. The lifestyle of a person influences the occurrence of criminal activity. Different attributes such as gender, marital status, and education can change the lifestyles of individuals.

 

The Routine activity theory. The theory has some similar aspects with the lifestyle theory of victimization. The theories explain how a routine of activities such as lifestyles can influence the occurrence of the crime. The changes in the routine of performing activities affect the crime rates.

Conclusion

In summation, victimization is an issue that requires legal concerns and legal frameworks to curb the matter in the state of California. It is evident that victimization has adverse effects on the affected person both emotionally and physically. Safer plans should be prepared to help people from being involved din criminal activities which may result to victimization.

 

References

McIntyre, J. & Spatz Widom, C. (2010). Childhood Victimization and Crime Victimization.

Journal Of Interpersonal Violence, 26(4), 640-663. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260510365868

Wu, B. (2008). Homicide Victimization in California: An Asian and Non-Asian Comparison.

Violence And Victims, 23(6), 743-757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/0886-6708.23.6.743

Zaykowski, H. (2011). Reconceptualizing Victimization and Victimization Responses. Crime &

Delinquency, 61(2), 271-296. Http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011128711398022\

 

 

Post Author: Kobe

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