The word metaphysics was coined by Aristotle using Greek words, ‘meta’, which stands for after, and ‘physika’, which denotes physics and the material world. Therefore, metaphysics describes things that transcend or are beyond the material world. Its main branches include the universal science, ontology and natural theology (Sirswal).
As a major branch of philosophy, metaphysics remains indispensable in offering knowledge about the nature as well as everything that comes after it or supernatural, and which never grows nor becomes because it does not change. It is used in the study of the nature as well as the structure of reality in totality (Ochulor, Apebende and Metuonu 37). As added by Archie, metaphysics is useful in studying and realizing the first principles – permanent truths about eternal realities. Without an explanation of the world around the people, individuals would not manage to deal with reality. The extent of metaphysical worldview remains correct to the degree to which humankind is able to understand the universe and act accordingly. In the absence of such a firm foundation, the knowledge would become suspicious, and any form of the goof in people’s view of the reality would make it more difficult to survive. In this regard, a rational metaphysics has some key elements. First, the reality is absolute, and has a given nature autonomous of man’s feelings and thoughts. Second, the world around the man is real, and has a given nature, and to which it must be consistent. It is, therefore, through a proper metaphysical worldview that the reality is correctly understood.
In understanding the first principles, the mankind gets to know about the Being and its relationship to the universe which makes it appear. Besides, these canons go beyond the Being. Through its branch of natural theology and the religious language, metaphysics makes people understand more about God, His relationship to the humankind and the cosmos. As noted by Neusser metaphysics studies the Almighty and His manifestation, which is important to the people as they understand His given ability to recognize Him since He is their Creator.
Metaphysics remains a crucial element of philosophy because it serves to make people not lose the idea of objective truth. As argued by Neusser, if individuals no longer believed in the absolute truth, then everything would become relative. Consequently, the truth would be replaced by power- the influence of the powerful entities which have special interest on what they want to say. In cases where the metaphysics has been subjectivized, the society is in the confused state of mind, and the author attributed the surge of psychology to the lack of absolute, objective truth. At worst, when the spiritual truth is not revealed, even the psychology cannot maintain its level a condition that leaves everything to behaviorism and later to psychopharmacology. Well enough, a society without metaphysics and the subjective replaces absolute, then, the subjectivities are absolutized.
Another importance of metaphysics is its support for peaceful coexistence among people because of tolerance. When each individual’s experience is same, then people understand that they are similar and the objective reality is bigger than any one of them (Neusser). Another area where the metaphysics has proved useful is in the recognition of human cultures, and all have equal rights to exist as unique expressions. Therefore, metaphysics remains an invaluable branch of philosophy in helping people understand the first principles of the universe and the generalizations made on the human intellect.
Archie, Lee C. The divisions of philosophy. 17 August 2007, http://philosophy.lander.edu/intro/what_citation.shtml, Accessed 21 January 2017
Neusser, Omar K. Metaphysics: Why is it necessary today? 19 March 2014, http://www.livingislam.org/m/mxn_e.html. Accessed 21 January 2017
Ochulor, Chinenye Leo, Stephen Atah Apebende and Iheanacho Chukwuemeka Metuonu. “The necessity of metaphysics.” American Journal of Social Issues & Humanities, Vol. 1 (2) (2011): 35-49.
Sirswal, Desh Raj. Elements of philosophy. 2014, https://philgcg11chd.wordpress.com/category/main-branches-of-philosophy/, Accessed 21 January 2017